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Khirurgii
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Year 2006 Vol. 14 No 3

S.I. PIMANOV, E.I. MIKHAYLOVA, V.M. BONDARENKO

IMMUNOCHEMICAL TEST FOR THE OCCULT BLOOD IN FECES IN SCREENING DIAGNOSTICS OF COLORECTAL CANCER

The colorectal cancer represents one of the most actual problems of the modern medicine as it occupies the third place on frequency and the second on mortality rate after carcinoma of the lungs in the structure of the oncological diseases. However, in half of cases the diagnostics of the colorectal cancer is belated. At the same time there are reliable proofs that the mortality decrease from the colorectal cancer can be achieved by revealing and treatment of its early forms by carrying out mass screening examination of the population at the age elder than 50 years. For these purposes, economically expedient, noninvasive method is necessary which, in opinion of the majority of researchers, actually the hemoccult test is. The purpose of our research was the studying of the diagnostic possibilities of the immunochemical test for the occult blood in feces in the screening diagnostics of the colorectal cancer. As a result of the research, it was determined, that the immunochemical test allows making the screening diagnostics of the colorectal cancer quickly and effectively, surpassing on accuracy the hemoccult test.

Keywords: colorectal cancer, early diagnostics, screening diagnostics, immunochemical test, hemoccult test
p. 66 - 73 of the original issue
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