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Year 2017 Vol. 25 No 3
THE SUBCLAVIAN VEIN PUNCTURE TECHNIQUE
EE "Vitebsk State Medical University",
The Republic of Belarus
Objectives. To work out the effective and safe technique of the subclavian vein puncture without damaging dome of the pleura and pneumothorax.
Methods. The subclavian vein puncture by the own original methodology was carried out in 34 patients aging from 19 to 88 years (the main group). Control group consisted of 50 cases of the subclavian vein catheterization in the manner of Aubaniac. 50 case histories of patients were selected by the continuous sampling method. The incidence of major complications after the subclavian vein puncture was analyzed in patients of the main and control groups including unsuccessful puncture on the selected side (failed puncture); damage of the subclavian artery; subcutaneous hematoma; pneumothorax; damage of the internal thoracic duct, trachea; thrombotic complications. The data which is given in the literature on the puncture-related complications of central veins were taken for the standard.
Results. All major complications of the subclavian vein puncture were registered in the control group, except for the damage of the thoracic duct and the trachea. The incidence of major complications in the control group was in the digital range of literature data that indicates the independent nature of the complications in using the same methodology under different conditions. Only two kinds of complications, unsuccessful puncture (6%) and subcutaneous bruise (6%) were registered in the main group. The incidence of these complications was comparable with the results of the control group and literature data. At the same time this group had no serious complications such as pneumothorax, subclavian artery damage and thromboembolic complications.
Conclusion. The designed technique of the subclavian vein puncture permits to avoid the subclavian artery injury, damaging the dome of the pleura and pneumothorax and is considered to be more effective and safer than the existing methods.
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210023, Republic of Belarus,
Vitebsk, Frunze pr., 27, EE "Vitebsk State Medical University",
Department of anesthesiology and reanimation with the course of FPK and PK,
Tel.: 375 29 599 17 97,
Aleksander N. Osmolovsky
Osmolovsky A.N. PhD, Ass. Professor of department of anesthesiology and intensive care with the course of the faculty of the advanced training and retraining of medical specialists, EE "Vitebsk State Medical University"