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Year 2019 Vol. 27 No 3


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Vitebsk State Medical University, Vitebsk,
The Republic of Belarus

Objective. To evaluate the effectiveness of the vacuum system in the complex treatment of patients with odontogenic inflammatory diseases of the maxillofacial area and neck.
Methods. The examination of 178 patients with acute odontogenic osteomyelitis of the jaw, complicated by phlegmon of the adjacent tissue spaces, was conducted. To manage the patients of the main group vacuum system was additionally used. Patients in the comparison group were treated using standard methods. The control group consisted of 50 healthy individuals. The erythrocyte deformability (ED) was evaluated by the time of their suspension passing of a standard distance through a porous filter. The adhesion of leukocyte-platelet suspension (LTS) was investigated by recording the changes in the light transmission of the leukocytes suspension before and after incubation with a fibrous substrate using the AR 2110 SOLAR aggregometer.
Results. When vacuum therapy was included in the medical complex, in shorter terms (5 (5-6) days) the pain during palpation of the inflammatory focus was stopped; the face configuration was restored on the 7 (5-8) day; the skin redness was stopped on the 5 (5-6) day; purulent exudation from the wound was stopped on the 6 (5-7) day; favorable conditions were created for the beginning of the formation of granulations on the 7 (6-8) day. A decrease in treatment terms (9 (8-10) days) of the main group of patients in relation to the duration of treatment in patients with standard complex treatment (10 (8-12) days) was revealed. Vacuum therapy at the end of treatment helps to reduce microcirculation indices elevated at the beginning of treatment to the level of healthy individuals.
Conclusions. The use of vacuum therapy in the treatment of patients with acute odontogenic osteomyelitis of the jaw, complicated by phlegmon of the adjacent tissue spaces, reduces the wound healing terms and reduces the duration of treatment from 10 (8; 12) days to 9 (8; 10) days. Normalization of the rate and degree of aggregation of LTS, DE in the blood plasma was revealed at the end of patients treatment using negative pressure.

Keywords: vacuum therapy, inflammatory diseases, maxillofacial area, wound cleansing, microcirculation
p. 284-290 of the original issue
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Address for correspondence:
210023, The Republic of Belarus,
Vitebsk, Frunze Ave., 27,
Vitebsk State Medical University,
Department of Maxillofacial
Surgery and Surgical Dentistry
With a Course of Advanced
Training and Retraining of Medical Specialists.
Tel. +375 29 295-33-54,
Arina A. Kabanova
Information about the authors:
Kabanova Arina A., PhD, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery and Surgical Dentistry with a Course of Advanced Training and Retraining of Medical Specialists, Vitebsk State Medical University, Vitebsk, Republic of Belarus.
Contacts | ©Vitebsk State Medical University, 2007