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18-19 2021 . .

Year 2019 Vol. 27 No 5


DOI:   |  



Municipal Clinical Hospital 40 1,
Clinical Hospital at the Station Yekaterinburg-Passazhirsky, Russian Railways 2,
Ural State Medical University 3, Yekaterinburg
The Russian Federation

Objective. To carry out comparative analysis of the complications structure and the four-year survival of two types of radial-cephalic arterial-venous fistula in the anatomical snuffbox and the Brescia-Cimino type.
Methods. 323 patients with the terminal chronic failure were analyzed, with 358 radial cephalic fistulas applied. Group I included 53 patients with a radial cephalic fistula in an anatomical snuffbox (n=53). Group II was made up of 270 patients with a radial cephalic fistula of the Brescia-Cimino type (n=305). Complications and primary cumulative patency of the fistulas were evaluated in both groups in terms of 12 and 48 months.
Results. 9 thrombotic complications were revealed in the group I. 4 reconstructive operations were performed; 5 accesses were lost without surgery.
136 complications were revealed in the group II. There were 123 cases of thrombotic complications; a true aneurysm was in 3 cases, the failure of fistula in connection with the failure of volumetric blood flow rate in 4, stenosis in the anastomosis in 6. 48 operations were performed in thrombosis: 26 reconstructive and restorative 22 ones. In aneurysms, their resection was performed; in case of inadequate volume blood flow, 4 operations were performed to ligation the tributaries, in 6 reconstruction of the fistula with the formation of a new anastomosis. In connection were lost 87 of 305 of vascular accesses with the thrombosis.
Cumulative patency after 12 and 48 months in group I was 90.33% and 52.12%, in group II 76.95% and 46.69% (p<0.05).
Conclusions. Radial-cephalic fistula, formed in the anatomical snuffbox, has fewer complications and a higher four-year cumulative patency compared to the type of fistula Brescia-Cimino. The availability of the cephalic vein and the radial artery to assess their suitability before the formation of the fistula during clinical examination and the technical simplicity of applying the radial-cephalic fistula in the anatomical snuffbox allows considering this vascular access as a priority among the distal fistulas.

Keywords: arteriovenous fistula, anatomical snuffbox, Brescia-Cimino fistula, cumulative patency, complications
p. 496-504 of the original issue
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Address for correspondence:
620102, The Russian Federation,
Yekaterinburg, Volgogradskaya Str., 189,
Municipal Clinical Hospital 40,
Vascular Surgery Unit.
Tel.: 8 912 600 300 8,
Elena P. Burleva
Information about the authors:
Popov Alexey N., PhD, Vascular Surgeon of the Vascular Surgery Unit, Municipal Clinical Hospital 40, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation.
Veselov Boris A., PhD, Vascular Surgeon of the Vascular Surgery Unit, Clinical Hospital at the Station Yekaterinburg-Passazhirsky, Russian Railways, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation.
Burleva Elena P., MD, Professor of the Department of Surgery, Endoscopy and Coloproctology, Ural State Medical University, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation.
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