Year 2017 Vol. 25 No 6




FSBEE HE Ryazan State Medical University named after Academician I.P. Pavlov, Ryazan
The Russian Federation

Modern vascular surgery has various options for performing open and percutaneous endovascular interventions aimed to treat patients with peripheral arterial disease. One of the most common complications of surgical interventions is thrombosis. According to different authors data, postoperative thrombosis develops in 60-90% of cases, especially when performing distal reconstructions. The coagulating blood system plays the main role in the development of thrombotic complications. The effect of the extrinsic pathway of the coagulation cascade on the process of thrombus formation in patients with peripheral atherosclerosis is widely covered and investigated, which facilitated the introduction of a variety of antithrombotic drugs. The intrinsic pathway has always been considered less important. Nowadays, the internal pathway is of considerable interest from the point of view of the development of thromboses and the pathogenesis of inflammatory processes. With a high level of XI, IX factors, the risk of thrombotic complications increases, their newest inhibitors have been developed. XII and VIII factors are not well understood. No less important role in the development of thrombosis belongs to haemostatic markers of endothelial dysfunction, such as von Willebrand factor (WF), plasminogenactivator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), protein C (PRC) and its endothelial receptor. Changes in hemostatic markers of the endothelial dysfunction in the postoperative period, such as an increased PV and PAI-1 and deficiency of PRC, play a significant role in the development of thrombotic complications and may determine the patency of vascular reconstructions. Further study in this direction permits to establish the predictors of thrombotic complications and to develop algorithms for optimal antithrombotic therapy.

Keywords: atherosclerosis, intrinsic coagulation pathway, hemostatic markers of endothelial dysfunction, thrombotic complications, antithrombotic therapy
p. 643-654 of the original issue
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Address for correspondence:
390026, Russian Federation,
Ryazan, Vyisokovoltnaya str., 9,
FSBEE HE Ryazan State Medical University
named after Academician I.P. Pavlov
Department of Cardiovascular,
X-ray Endovascular, Operative Surgery
and Topographic Anatomy,
tel.: +7 4912 46-08-03,
Igor A. Suchkov
Information about the authors:
Kalinin R.E., MD, Professor, Rector, Head of the Department of Cardiovascular, X-ray Endovascular, Operative Surgery and Topographic Anatomy of FSBEE HE Ryazan State Medical University named after Academician I.P. Pavlov.
Suchkov I.A., MD, Associate Professor, Vice-rector for research and innovative development, Professor of the Department of Cardiovascular, X-ray Endovascular, Operative Surgery and Topographic Anatomy of FSBEE HE Ryazan State Medical University named after Academician I.P. Pavlov.
Mzhavanadze N.D., PhD, Assistant of the Department of Cardiovascular, X-ray Endovascular, Operative Surgery and Topographic Anatomy of FSBEE HE Ryazan State Medical University named after Academician I.P. Pavlov.
Klimentova E.A., Post-Graduate of the Department of Cardiovascular, X-ray Endovascular, Operative Surgery and Topographic Anatomy of FSBEE HE Ryazan State Medical University named after Academician I.P. Pavlov.
Isakov S.A., MD, Professor of the Department of Dermato-Venerology of FSBEE HE Ryazan State Medical University named after Academician I.P. Pavlov.
Ryabkov A.N., MD, Associate Professor of the Department of Pharmacology with the Course of Pharmacy of FSBEE HE Ryazan State Medical University named after Academician I.P. Pavlov.
Voronin R.M., MD, Professor of the Department of Mobilization Training of Public Health and Disaster Medicine of FSBEE HE Ryazan State Medical University named after Academician I.P. Pavlov.
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