Novosti
Khirurgii
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Year 2021 Vol. 29 No 4

REVIEWS

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18484/2305-0047.2021.4.480   |  

R.I. DOVNAR

MODELING OF SKIN WOUNDS IN LABORATORY ANIMALS

Grodno State Medical University, Grodno,
The Republic of Belarus

The creation and implementation of new methods of study and local wound care occur in stages: in vitro, in vivo and clinical trials. The fundamental point of this process is to study the effect of the proposed agent on the experimental wound healing models of laboratory animals taking into consideration the common healing phases of course and similarity of animal wound healing with human one. At the initial stage the main problems faced by the researcher include the selection of the optimal experimental animal, while animal models are suitable for many skin disorders. The lack of strong evidence and relevant guidelines regarding the most appropriate form of local-wound care in literature and the fragmentation of the available information lead to the fact that during the development of the experiment, the scientists spend time, resources and operate on an additional number of animals. This article summarizes the literature data on the applied modeling methods as for the most common and rare types of skin wounds including burns and trophic ulcers in various laboratory animals. Those who prepared the experiment should have paid closer attention to the features of creating such wounds and nuances so as the proven techniques of their creation in various species are shown. Variants of the course and prospects for the development of this area of surgery are presented.

Keywords: animals, disease models, wound healing, skin injuries, burns, laboratory, ulcer
p. 480-489 of the original issue
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Address for correspondence:
230009, Belarus,
Grodno, Gorkii Str., 80,
Grodno State Medical University,
the 2nd Surgery Department,
tel.: +375 297 868643,
e-mail: dr_ruslan@mail.ru,
Dovnar Ruslan I.
Information about the authors:
Dovnar Ruslan I., PhD, Associate Professor of the 2nd Surgery Department Grodno State Medical University, Grodno, Republic of Belarus.
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3462-1465.
Contacts | ©Vitebsk State Medical University, 2007