Novosti
Khirurgii
This journal is
indexed in Scopus









Year 2019 Vol. 27 No 5

EXCHANGE OF EXPERIENCE

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18484/2305-0047.2019.5.595   |  

D.V. AFANASYEV 1, A.V. RODIN 1, V.G. PLESHKOV 1, A.P. MOSKALEV 2, V.S. ZABROSAEV 1, N.V. DANILENKOV 1

ANALYSIS OF COMPLICATIONS FOLLOWING INTRALUMINAL ENDOSCOPIC INTERVENTIONS ON MAJOR DUODENAL PAPILLA

Smolensk State Medical University 1,
Smolensk Regional Clinical Hospital 2, Smolensk,
The Russian Federation

Objective. To define the ways of complications prevention and improvement of endoscopic papillosphincterotomy outcomes.
Methods. Outcomes of endoscopic interventions in 2150 patients with the pathology of hepatopancreatoduodenal zone were analyzed. The performed interventions were the following: endoscopic papillosphincterotomy (EPST) 1485, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCPG) 457, EPST combined with the common bile duct stone extraction 148, EPST combined with ERCPG 130, nasobiliary drainage 18, biliary ducts stenting 16, intraoperative EPST 13, sanitation of the stents 3, cutting the choledochoduodenal anastomosis 1. Two- and three-staged interventions were performed in 118 patients. The criteria for the evaluation of the endoscopic interventions results were: incidence and outcomes of complications in the period from 1 to 30 days after manipulations.
Results. Complications following interventions were observed in 60 (2.8%) patients. The most frequent complications were: acute pancreatitis 26 cases (1.2%), bleeding 20 cases (0.9%), retroperitoneal perforation of the duodenum 4 cases (0.2%). Lethal outcomes in 21 cases (1.0%). The risk of acute pancreatitis increased almost by 2 times in young and middle-aged patients, in patients with postcholecystectomy syndrome. In case of absolute indications absence for endoscopic interventions mortality rate increased by 30 times (27.3%). Bleeding occurred 2 times more often in patients with obstructive jaundice (1.8%). In case when two- and three-staged endoscopic interventions were carried out no complications were observed.
Conclusions. Prevention of complications should be aimed at diagnosis and treatment of choledocholithiasis in patients with chronic calculous cholecystitis in the preoperative period. Care should be taken in young and middle-aged patients. In cases of obstructive jaundice sparing papillosphincterotomy should be carried out. Endoscopic interventions on the major duodenal papilla should be performed according to strong indications.

Keywords: endoscopic papillosphincterotomy, endoscopic common bile duct stone extraction, obstructive jaundice, choledocholithiasis, complications
p. 595-602 of the original issue
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Address for correspondence:
214019, The Russian Federation,
Smolensk, Krupskaya Str., 28,
Smolensk State Medical University,
General Surgery Department with the
Course of Surgery of the
Faculty Continuing Professional Education.
Tel. mob.: +7-4812-55-60-01,
e-mail: dmitry6577@yandex.ru,
Dmitry V. Afanasyev
Information about the authors:
Afanasyev Dmitry V., PhD, Associate Professor of the General Surgery Department with the Course of Surgery of the Faculty Continuing Professional Education, Smolensk State Medical University, Smolensk, Russian Federation.
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7474-3873
Rodin Anton V., PhD, Associate Professor of the General Surgery Department with the Course of Surgery of the Faculty Continuing Professional Education, Smolensk State Medical University, Smolensk, Russian Federation.
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9046-7429
Pleshkov Vladimir G., MD, Professor, Head of the General Surgery Department with the Course of Surgery of the Faculty Continuing Professional Education, Smolensk State Medical University, Smolensk, Russian Federation.
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9799-0762
Moskalev Andrey P., PhD, Associate Professor, Head of the Surgical Unit, Smolensk Regional Clinical Hospital, Smolensk, Russian Federation.
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1935-8363
Zabrosaev Valeriy S., PhD, Professor of the General Surgery Department with the Course of Surgery of the Faculty Continuing Professional Education, Smolensk State Medical University, Smolensk, Russian Federation.
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0453-5868
Danilenkov Nikolay V., PhD, Associate Professor of the General Surgery Department with the Course of Surgery of the Faculty Continuing Professional Education, Smolensk State Medical University, Smolensk, Russian Federation.
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2852-5330
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